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Baluk Willam Nature Conservation Reserve is highly valued for its diverse flora. This diversity arises from variations in topography, aspect, soil and drainage patterns.
Four ecological vegetation classes can be recognised. These are shrubby foothill forest, damp sclerophyll forest, wet sclerophyll forest and healthy woodland (dominated by Silver-leafed Stringybark).
Of the 250 indigenous plant species recorded, 73 are orchid species. This makes the reserve one of the most significant orchid sites in Victoria. Several orchid species are rare or vulnerable in Victoria.
Other significant flora species are Spreading Rope-rush, Cinnamon Wattle and Stiff Sword-sedge.
There have been recorded sightings of the Southern Boobook Owl and Powerful Owl.
Hakea, casuarina and acacia plants are important food resources for cockatoos and other parrot species in the reserve.
Tawny Frogmouths, Laughing Kookaburras and a number of honeyeater species are present.
Brown Antechinus, Bush Rats, Swamp Rats, Swamp Wallabies, possums and echidnas also inhabit the reserve.