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Culture and heritage

Shipwrecks prompted the construction of Gabo Island Lightstation which was completed in 1862. One of the worst wrecks was Monumental City, on nearby Tullaberga Island, with the loss of 30 lives in 1853. A memorial to those lost exists on Gabo Island.

The 47 metre high Gabo Island Lighthouse is the second tallest lighthouse in Australia and is made of red granite quarried on the island. The red porphyritic granite has been used in a number of prominent 19th century Melbourne buildings such as the Immigration Museum and the Melbourne General Post Office.