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There are three main types of vegetation: coastal, swamp and heathy woodland. These grow mostly on leached sand of low fertility.
Coastal vegetation growing along the seaward side of the dunes is adapted to grow in harsh conditions of wind, salt, sun, shifting sand, little water and few nutrients. Plants include Hairy Spinifex, Marram Grass, Cushion Bush, Coast Saltbush, Sea Rocket and Coastal Everlasting.
Behind the dunes conditions are less severe allowing Coastal Tea-tree thickets and Coast Banksia woodlands to grow.
Swamp vegetation grows around the lakes and includes rushes, sedges and Swamp Paperbark.
Heath vegetation is adapted to grow in poor soils. Major species include Shining Peppermint, Yertchuk, Coastal Tea-tree and Saw Banksia.
The more common understorey plants consist of Bracken, Silky Tea-tree, Sweet Wattle and Common Heath.
The Ninety Mile Beach is a good place to see shore and ocean birds such as shearwaters, terns and gulls. Parts of the Gippsland Lakes system, including Lake Reeve, are listed under the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance, especially as waterfowl habitat. The lakes attract the largest concentration of migratory waders in East Gippsland and are host to breeding colonies of the vulnerable Fairy Terns and Little Terns. You may also see Common Greenshank, Marsh Sandpiper and Bar-tailed Godwit.
Within the heathy woodland areas of the park you will see many species of bird including the Common Bronze Wing, Yellow-tailed Black Cockatoo, Grey Butcherbird, Eastern Yellow Robin and the gracious Wedge-tailed Eagle.
The park supports a large population of Eastern Grey Kangaroos, Black Wallabies and the common Brush-tailed and Ring-tailed Possums.
Less common mammals include Sugar Gliders, Eastern Pygmy Possums and the endangered New Holland Mouse.