Environment

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Vegetation

Jack Smith Lake State Game Reserve protects extensive coastal lagoons, salt marshes, coastal woodlands and native grasslands.

The large shallow lake is dominated by species which have adapted to periodic inundation including:

  • Australian Salt Grass
  • Sea Tassel
  • Stoneworts
  • Water Buttons
  • Water Ribbons
  • Silky Wilsonia
  • Arrowgrass
  • Coast Saw-sedge
  • Beaded Glasswort.

Coastal woodlands of Manna Gum, Saw Banksia, Coast Banksia, and Drooping She-oak with an understorey of Sweet Wattle, Prickly Tea-tree and Bracken are scattered throughout the Reserve.

Animals

Life here depends upon the irregular flooding and drying of the lake which provides nutrients essential for the wetland food web. Vast numbers of insects and other invertebrates inhabit the lake's waters. They provide food for over one hundred bird species including:

  •  the Black Swan
  • Australian Pelican
  • Pacific Black Duck
  • Chestnut Teal
  • Grey Teal
  • Great Egret
  • Sacred Ibis
  • Royal Spoonbill
  • Great Cormorant
  • White-faced Heron.

Swamp Harrier, White-bellied Sea-eagle and Brown Falcon are often seen soaring overhead in search of prey.

The Eastern Grey Kangaroo, Swamp Wallaby and Common Wombat shelter within these woodlands during the day, emerging at night to feed on the native grasslands of Wallaby Grass and Tussock Grass. At night, when the lake contains water, it comes alive with the sound of croaking frogs.

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