Culture and heritage
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Mount Alexander Regional Park consists of 1240 hectares of forest on a large granitic intrusion. The eastern and western slopes of the mountain are steep and heavily crowned with large rock outcrops and granite sheets.
The mountain, called "Lanjanuc" by the local Dja Dja Wurrung tribe, was important to Aboriginal people as a high vantage point at the centre of their tribal area. Major Thomas Mitchell was the first European to climb the mountain, in 1836. Then followed the rapid occupation of the region by graziers.
In 1851, gold-miners rushed the foothills of the Mount Alexander goldfields at Castlemaine. By the 1870s the vegetation on portions of the mountain had been almost totally denuded to provide timber for the goldfields. A major program of revegetation of native species is being undertaken on the abutting pine plantation to the west of the park with the intent of returning the land to the park on successful rehabilitation.