Culture and heritage
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During the European squatting era in the 1840s, much of the area was selectively grazed. The Samaria run was just north of the area now within the park, with its name thought to be derived from biblical references. Later that century, the ranges were thought to provide refuge for bushrangers and their stolen stock.
Blessed with magnificent stands of timber, the Samaria Range soon came under the scrutiny of timber-getters, and the 1920s saw a large-scale timber industry in operation. By 1928, failing yields led to the closure of the mills and logging became intermittent until an area of about 7000 hectares was declared as state park in 1979.