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Victoria has a diverse range of ecosystems. While many of these areas have been heavily changed by humans, Victoria’s park system has been setup to help protect some of the most significant remaining natural areas.

Learn more about these ecosystems and discover some of the parks that help protect each ecosystem type.

The alps

What are alpine ecosystems? The alps are characterised by granite and sandstone peaks with rounded mountain tops and plateaus. The highest mountain areas support a

The coast

What are coastal and intertidal shore ecosystems? Often lashed by the wind laden with salt spray, the coast is very dynamic and a difficult environment

Dry forests and woodlands

What are dry forests and woodland ecosystems? There are many types of dry forests and woodlands occurring across the drier northern slopes of the Great


What are grassland ecosystems? Grasslands are dominated by perennial, mostly tufted or tussock-forming grasses and occur on the vast, undulating western volcanic plains, the northern


What are heathland ecosystems? Heathlands are characterised by dense, low shrubs with scattered, twisted trees – a function of the harshness of the environment where

Inland waters and wetlands

What are inland waters and wetland ecosystems? Victoria has a rich variety of inland and estuarine aquatic environments, including flowing waters such as creeks, streams

The mallee

What are mallee ecosystems? Mallee ecosystems take their name from the small, multi-stemmed eucalypts which feature lignotubers (mallee roots) just below the soil surface, which


Victoria’s marine environments are amongst the most diverse and spectacular in the world. Marine areas have been the last type of ecosystem to become protected

Wet forests and rainforest

What are wet forests and rainforest ecosystems? The cool mountains and gullies of ranges in southern, central and north-eastern Victoria as well as areas at