Wet forests and rainforest
What are wet forests and rainforest ecosystems?
The cool mountains and gullies of ranges in southern, central and north-eastern Victoria as well as areas at lower elevations are dominated by wet eucalypt forests and rainforests.
The wet eucalypt forests have Victoria’s tallest trees including the world’s largest flowering plant, the Mountain Ash which reaches up to 100 metres in height and 15 metres in circumference. This often grows in single species stands, but Messmate and Mountain Grey Gum, or Shining Gum and Alpine Ash at higher altitudes, and other eucalypts share the sky.
In rainforests and sheltered gullies a dense canopy of non-eucalypt tree species, climbers, broad-leafed shrubs and tree ferns provide umbrellas of shade for a variety of ferns, shrubs, mosses and myriad of other life-forms.
Wet forests and rainforests facts
- Generally Myrtle Beech rainforests only form once a wet eucalypt forest reaches maturity, which takes several hundred years to do so
- Trees in wet forests begin to develop hollows in trunks and larger branches after they are about 150 years old
- Possums (such as the rare Leadbeater’s Possum), gliders, bats, owls, bats, and many bird species require tree hollows or standing dead trees for nesting or roosting or both
- In young forests hollows are scarce resulting in less diverse and smaller populations of forest animals
- Many understorey plants flourish after fires and are often older than the dominant eucalypts which may be killed in an intense fire
- Weed infestation
- Predation of native animals by introduced species
- Phytophthora cinnamomi (fungal dieback)
Where do I find wet forests and rainforests?
- Great Otway National Park
- Kinglake National Park
- Yarra Ranges National Park
- Snowy River National Park
- Errinundra National Park
Find out more
Deptartment of Environment and Primary Industries – Distribution map and information about the different types of rainforest ecosystems found in Victoria.
23 Sep 2014
Visitors to East Gippsland’s Snowy River National Park this school holidays will marvel at the park’s recovery as they are able to gain access to Raymond Creek Falls for the first time since the devastating fires in February this year. District Manager, Will McCutcheon said over 80 per cent of…
22 Sep 2014 12:00am - 3 Oct 2014 12:00am
Parks Victoria’s Discovery program is designed to encourage kids and adults to explore Victoria’s parks with a ranger. Whether it’s discovering mini beasts through a microscope, learning about creatures’ tracks and traces and their habitats, or discovering the fascinating life beneath the sea during a rock pool ramble, kids will…
22 Sep 2014 12:00am - 5 Oct 2014 12:00am
Drop in and pick up your explorer pack from the Mansion with activity sheets, magnifying glass and pencil. Complete the activities and return the pack to collect some Junior Ranger goodies. Activities are available every day of the school holidays.
22 Sep 2014 8:00am - 25 Sep 2014 5:00pm
Make a big difference at Little Desert! Learn about the endangered Mallefowl recovery program, support wildlife monitoring and encounter a range of native wildlife species held at the Little Desert Sanctuary including Suger Gliders, Bruh-tailed Bettongs and Bush-stone Curlews.
22 Sep 2014 8:30am - 25 Sep 2014 5:30pm
We will take you behind the scenes on this exclusive, small group adventure as you work alongside a Parks Victoria Ranger to 'track and protect' the elusive Brush-tailed Phascogales, which are on Victoria's threatened species list. You will sample some of the region's best wines, see ancient Aboriginal rock art…