You are here

Home > Learn > Info for students > Ecosystems > Wet forests and rainforest

Wet forests and rainforest

Bracket Fungi

What are wet forests and rainforest ecosystems?

The cool mountains and gullies of ranges in southern, central and north-eastern Victoria as well as areas at lower elevations are dominated by wet eucalypt forests and rainforests.

The wet eucalypt forests have Victoria’s tallest trees including the world’s largest flowering plant, the Mountain Ash which reaches up to 100 metres in height and 15 metres in circumference. This often grows in single species stands, but Messmate and Mountain Grey Gum, or Shining Gum and Alpine Ash at higher altitudes, and other eucalypts share the sky.

In rainforests and sheltered gullies a dense canopy of non-eucalypt tree species, climbers, broad-leafed shrubs and tree ferns provide umbrellas of shade for a variety of ferns, shrubs, mosses and myriad of other life-forms.

Wet forests and rainforests facts

  • Generally Myrtle Beech rainforests only form once a wet eucalypt forest reaches maturity, which takes several hundred years to do so
  • Trees in wet forests begin to develop hollows in trunks and larger branches after they are about 150 years old
  • Possums (such as the rare Leadbeater’s Possum), gliders, bats, owls, bats, and many bird species require tree hollows or standing dead trees for nesting or roosting or both

Threats

  • In young forests hollows are scarce resulting in less diverse and smaller populations of forest animals
  • Many understorey plants flourish after fires and are often older than the dominant eucalypts which may be killed in an intense fire
  • Weed infestation
  • Predation of native animals by introduced species
  • Phytophthora cinnamomi (fungal dieback)

Where do I find wet forests and rainforests?

Find out more

Deptartment of Environment and Primary Industries – Distribution map and information about the different types of rainforest ecosystems found in Victoria.

Mordialloc Pier Click to view the news RSS feed.

Mordialloc Pier renewal and repairs

20 Oct 2014

Mordialloc Pier is undergoing a facelift with repair works underway from late October to the middle of December 2014. Maritime Constructions will start the $550,000 package of works from Wednesday 22 October. The renewal and repair project will replace the first 130 metres of the 174 metre long pier, extending…

View all latest news

What's on

Click to view RSS Feed

Special Olympics National Games

20 Oct 2014 4:00pm - 24 Oct 2014 5:00pm

The 10 Special Olympics National Games (SONG) is the flagship event for Special Olympics Australia and will be held in Melbourne from October 20 to 24 predominantly at venues at Albert Park. It provides an opportunity for athletes with intellectual disabilities from around Australia in ages ranging from 9 through…

Click to view RSS Feed

Alpine Forest Walks, Dinner Plain

24 Oct 2014 11:00am-3:00pm

Omeo District Health, DEPI and Parks Victoria Invites you to come walk with us. Montane Loop, Room with a View and Carmichael Falls. Walks are formed tracks that include short steep sections some uneven terrain and occasional steps. No wheelchair access available. The walks include boardwalks and viewing platforms. There…

Click to view RSS Feed

Westerfolds parkrun

25 Oct 2014 8:00am-9:00am

parkrun is free, weekly, 5km timed run that is open to everyone - walkers, runners, families and dogs are all welcome! Westerfolds parkrun occurs every Saturday morning. We're based near the main carpark off the Fitzsimons Lane entrance, and the course is run entirely on sealed paths within the park.

Click to view RSS Feed

Australian Rhododendron Society 2014 Convention

25 Oct 2014 9:00am - 26 Oct 2014 4:00pm

This year’s ARS National Conference focuses on the pressing topic of Rhododendron conservation in this time of steeply accelerating forest loss, climate change and human population.