All plants and animals rely on other species for survival. Most commonly this is where one animal eats another or when plants rely on animals to spread pollen or seeds.
Change in the environment
Changes that occur in the environment such as the introduction of a new species or following a fire affect the type and amount of food available. This can also change the availability of places to hide from predators. Some species might cope better with these new conditions while others may find it harder to find food and to stay safe. If these changes occur over a large area, populations of different species may decline or become extinct.
While change is an ongoing and natural process, since the arrival of the Europeans in Australia in 1788, this rate of change has increased. Major impacts include land clearing for farming and housing, hunting (including fishing), introduction of pest animals and pollution.
Categories for classifying threatened species
Animals can be considered endangered at either the local, state, national or global level. For example, the Eastern Wallaroo is listed as threatened in Victoria but with populations in other states, it is not considered endangered at the national level.
Scientists have developed a range of categories to describe how threatened a species may be. Different categories are used at the Victorian, Australian and global level.
Conservation status in Victoria (Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act):
- Presumed extinct in Victoria
- Endangered in Victoria
- Vulnerable in Victoria
- Rare in Victoria
- Poorly known in Victoria
Conservation status in Australia (Environment Protection and Biodiversity Act):
- Extinct in the wild
- Critically endangered
- Conservation dependent
Conservation status globally (International Union for the Conservation of Nature):
- Extinct in the wild
- Critically Endangered
- Near threatened
- Least concern
- Data deficient
National parks and reserves cover around 17 per cent of Victoria. Parks Victoria plays a major role in helping to conserve endangered species in these areas.
Find out more about:
Department of Environment and Primary Industries (DEPI)
DEPI helps coordinate Victoria’s approach to conserving native species that are endangered within Victoria. Their website has excellent information on:
- Victorian wildlife
- Threatened species advisory lists
- Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act
- Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act action statements that detail what is being done to protect each species
- Caring for wildlife
- Current research projects
Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities
The federal department is responsible for coordinating conservation work for species that are endangered at the national level. Their website can help you learn more about:
- Animals that are nationally endangered
- Plant that are nationally endangered
- Categories of threatened species
11 Mar 2015
The Mount Sugarloaf site within Kinglake National Park will be temporarily closed due to increased risk of falling tree limbs and trees that have been killed by fire. Parks Victoria District Manager John Williamson says the site has been closed for public safety after recent evidence that trees that have…
1 Mar 2015 - 31 Mar 2015
A wide variety of events are held at Albert Park throughout the year. Events range from fun runs and sporting tournaments to other community events. See the full calendar here.
30 Mar 2015 8:30am - 1 Apr 2015 6:00pm
Come join our Grampians Naturewise holiday experience in Victoria! You'll join park rangers to track and protect the elusive Brush-tailed Phascogales. Go behind the scenes and enjoy the breathtaking landscape with local walks while assisting with endangered species monitoring. The Grampians National Park has recently captured footage of a rare…
31 Mar 2015 10:00am-11:30am
A rare opportunity to visit spectacular caves located to the north of Buchan. Be prepared for something very special. The tour requires a 14 km drive north of Buchan and a reasonable level of fitness.