All plants and animals rely on other species for survival. Most commonly this is where one animal eats another or when plants rely on animals to spread pollen or seeds.
Change in the environment
Changes that occur in the environment such as the introduction of a new species or following a fire affect the type and amount of food available. This can also change the availability of places to hide from predators. Some species might cope better with these new conditions while others may find it harder to find food and to stay safe. If these changes occur over a large area, populations of different species may decline or become extinct.
While change is an ongoing and natural process, since the arrival of the Europeans in Australia in 1788, this rate of change has increased. Major impacts include land clearing for farming and housing, hunting (including fishing), introduction of pest animals and pollution.
Categories for classifying threatened species
Animals can be considered endangered at either the local, state, national or global level. For example, the Eastern Wallaroo is listed as threatened in Victoria but with populations in other states, it is not considered endangered at the national level.
Scientists have developed a range of categories to describe how threatened a species may be. Different categories are used at the Victorian, Australian and global level.
Conservation status in Victoria (Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act):
- Presumed extinct in Victoria
- Endangered in Victoria
- Vulnerable in Victoria
- Rare in Victoria
- Poorly known in Victoria
Conservation status in Australia (Environment Protection and Biodiversity Act):
- Extinct in the wild
- Critically endangered
- Conservation dependent
Conservation status globally (International Union for the Conservation of Nature):
- Extinct in the wild
- Critically Endangered
- Near threatened
- Least concern
- Data deficient
National parks and reserves cover around 17 per cent of Victoria. Parks Victoria plays a major role in helping to conserve endangered species in these areas.
Find out more about:
Department of Environment and Primary Industries (DEPI)
DEPI helps coordinate Victoria’s approach to conserving native species that are endangered within Victoria. Their website has excellent information on:
- Victorian wildlife
- Threatened species fact sheets
- Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act
- Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act action statements that detail what is being done to protect each species
- Caring for wildlife
- Current research projects
Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities
The federal department is responsible for coordinating conservation work for species that are endangered at the national level. Their website can help you learn more about:
- Animals that are nationally endangered
- Plant that are nationally endangered
- Categories of threatened species
11 May 2013 10:00am - 8 Jun 2013 2:30pm
This course is an intensive introduction to Botanical Drawing and Painting. Develop observation skills and learn about tonal values, pencil and ink rendering, composition, colour, watercolour and gouache' Explore, develop and understand a variety of techniques to create your own detailed botanical studies. Time: Saturdays 11 May to 8 June, 5 x 4.5 hours = 20 …
19 May 2013 8:00am-3:00pm
An annual event where pets take their owners for a walk around the lake to raise funds to support RSPCA services.
22 May 2013 5:15pm-6:15pm
The bat count is held once a month at dusk when the whole colony of 10,000 -20,000 bats fly out to feed around Melbourne’s suburbs. New counters are very welcome and much appreciated. Experience is not necessary as training is provided on the night. Wear comfortable shoes for walking, dress …
Participants enjoyed the first “Heart Week Walk” organised by the Heart Foundation at Yarra Bend Park last week http://t.co/YMBgy2vw5mParksVictoria: Participants enjoyed the first “Heart Week Walk” organised by the Heart Foundation at Yarra Bend Park last week http://t.co/YMBgy2vw5mView post | Fri, 17 May 2013 17.23
@jejuolletrail We believe it's a small cairn and plaque in memory of Molly Hill http://t.co/93XTmL8SYYParksVictoria: @jejuolletrail We believe it's a small cairn and plaque in memory of Molly Hill http://t.co/93XTmL8SYYView post | Thu, 16 May 2013 14.41
Photo of the week: "Molly Hill, Mt Feathertop View" by PV website contributor Ryan Malone. http://t.co/2jLM6OgYqJ http://t.co/QuQZsQWEEUParksVictoria: Photo of the week: "Molly Hill, Mt Feathertop View" by PV website contributor Ryan Malone. http://t.co/2jLM6OgYqJ http://t.co/QuQZsQWEEUView post | Thu, 16 May 2013 13.53
Quarry Beach Road which leads to Mallacoota Coastal Reserve has been repaired & re-opened http://t.co/zQxw5Frq2S http://t.co/HkS8Z89qAkParksVictoria: Quarry Beach Road which leads to Mallacoota Coastal Reserve has been repaired & re-opened http://t.co/zQxw5Frq2S http://t.co/HkS8Z89qAkView post | Thu, 16 May 2013 11.55
Thanks a Million to our wonderful volunteers at Werribee Park for their support in maintaining this historic landmark http://t.co/S00aich88CParksVictoria: Thanks a Million to our wonderful volunteers at Werribee Park for their support in maintaining this historic landmark http://t.co/S00aich88CView post | Thu, 16 May 2013 11.20