Grasslands are dominated by perennial, mostly tufted or tussock-forming grasses and occur on the vast, undulating western volcanic plains, the northern alluvial plains and in Gippsland.
They frequently lie over heavy soils which become waterlogged in winter but dry and crack in summer.
While trees and shrubs are only occasionally present, they are floristically rich, not only in grasses but also in colourful plants from the orchid, daisy, pea and lily families that flower in spring and early summer.
More about grasslands
- Kangaroo grass is dominant south of the divide, wallaby grass and spear grass abundant in the north
- Many form ephemeral flooded native meadows in winter
- Soil dries rapidly in summer
- Support rare animals, adapted to changeable environment e.g. the Bush Stone-curlew, Eastern Barred Bandicoot and Striped Legless Lizard
- Aboriginal people used fire to maintain the open nature of the grasslands, stimulate the growth of useful plants and attract animals for hunting
- European settlers found that the expansive grasslands provided good grazing and were easy to convert to cropping and improved pasture.
Less than one per cent of original grasslands remain, in small remnant patches with low viability. These patches are threatened by:
- Weed invasion
- Infrequent fire regimes that inhibit growth of diverse flowering herbs
- Altered nutrient levels that favour weed growth.
Where to see grasslands
05 Oct 2015
The Dunkeld Sawmill Group has been busy in recent weeks transforming and rebuilding the historic Strachan’s Hut, located at Strachan’s Campground in the Grampians National Park. The original Strachan’s Hut marked the site of milling activities in the early days of the Grampians National Park and is treasured by locals…
1 Jul 2015 12:00am - 30 Jun 2016 12:00am
A wide variety of events are held at Albert Park throughout the year. Events range from fun runs and sporting tournaments to other community events. See the full calendar here.
10 Oct 2015 7:00am-4:00pm
XC MTB marathon of various distances, using MTB trails throughout the park, Kurrajong and Stockyards.
10 Oct 2015 10:00am-4:00pm
Join Trust for Nature for a day of activities and the launch of a new book detailing the unique history and significant environmental values of Neds Corner Station, Trust for Nature‘s largest conservation property, located in the Mallee region of Victoria next to Murray Sunset National Park. There will also…
10 Oct 2015 3:00pm - 11 Oct 2015 12:00pm
Join Trust for Nature for a woodland campout on a private conservation property next to Chiltern-Mt Pilot National Park, where we‘ll enjoy lots of exciting activities including star gazing, an early morning bird walk, and an informative talk and walk on Sunday looking at an endangered wetland community. Stay overnight…