Grasslands are dominated by perennial, mostly tufted or tussock-forming grasses and occur on the vast, undulating western volcanic plains, the northern alluvial plains and in Gippsland.
They frequently lie over heavy soils which become waterlogged in winter but dry and crack in summer.
While trees and shrubs are only occasionally present, they are floristically rich, not only in grasses but also in colourful plants from the orchid, daisy, pea and lily families that flower in spring and early summer.
More about grasslands
- Kangaroo grass is dominant south of the divide, wallaby grass and spear grass abundant in the north
- Many form ephemeral flooded native meadows in winter
- Soil dries rapidly in summer
- Support rare animals, adapted to changeable environment e.g. the Bush Stone-curlew, Eastern Barred Bandicoot and Striped Legless Lizard
- Aboriginal people used fire to maintain the open nature of the grasslands, stimulate the growth of useful plants and attract animals for hunting
- European settlers found that the expansive grasslands provided good grazing and were easy to convert to cropping and improved pasture.
Less than one per cent of original grasslands remain, in small remnant patches with low viability. These patches are threatened by:
- Weed invasion
- Infrequent fire regimes that inhibit growth of diverse flowering herbs
- Altered nutrient levels that favour weed growth.
Where to see grasslands
18 Aug 2015
Visitors to the Grampians National Park will be able to enjoy a stunning new experience of a favourite walk, after track upgrades at the Grand Canyon. The Grand Canyon will be closed for works from Monday 3 August with the upgrade expected to be completed, depending on weather and construction…
1 Jul 2015 12:00am - 30 Jun 2016 12:00am
A wide variety of events are held at Albert Park throughout the year. Events range from fun runs and sporting tournaments to other community events. See the full calendar here.
6 Sep 2015 7:00am-11:00am
Celebrate dads everywhere and raise vital funds to support men’s health and the important role fathers play in the lives of Australian children. This is a fun, family-friendly event open to all ages and abilities, with two cycling events to choose from: The Mattioli Challenge – 7.00am The Family Bike…
12 Sep 2015 - 13 Sep 2015
Race against the clock DOWN everyone’s favourite track 13! This is NOT a downhill specific race, more a timed run down the track. Everyone is encouraged to enter. Doesn’t matter what type of bike you have, AM, XC, DH, HT, BMX or even a unicycle, they all go down hills…
19 Sep 2015 9:30am - 20 Sep 2015 5:00pm
The event features an extensive display of local wildflowers, with twice daily bus tours, (bookings essential), and a major photographic competition in the categories of local landscapes, flora and fauna. Other features for the weekend will include static displays and digital presentations from the Friends Group, the Inglewood Eucalyptus Museum,…