Grasslands are dominated by perennial, mostly tufted or tussock-forming grasses and occur on the vast, undulating western volcanic plains, the northern alluvial plains and in Gippsland.
They frequently lie over heavy soils which become waterlogged in winter but dry and crack in summer.
While trees and shrubs are only occasionally present, they are floristically rich, not only in grasses but also in colourful plants from the orchid, daisy, pea and lily families that flower in spring and early summer.
More about grasslands
- Kangaroo grass is dominant south of the divide, wallaby grass and spear grass abundant in the north
- Many form ephemeral flooded native meadows in winter
- Soil dries rapidly in summer
- Support rare animals, adapted to changeable environment e.g. the Bush Stone-curlew, Eastern Barred Bandicoot and Striped Legless Lizard
- Aboriginal people used fire to maintain the open nature of the grasslands, stimulate the growth of useful plants and attract animals for hunting
- European settlers found that the expansive grasslands provided good grazing and were easy to convert to cropping and improved pasture.
Less than one per cent of original grasslands remain, in small remnant patches with low viability. These patches are threatened by:
- Weed invasion
- Infrequent fire regimes that inhibit growth of diverse flowering herbs
- Altered nutrient levels that favour weed growth.
Where to see grasslands
16 Nov 2015
Parks Victoria has completed a large scale road upgrade program in the Grampians National Park in partnership with the Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning (DELWP). Works near Dunkeld and the southern end of the Grampians included installing three kilometres of gravel (2,500 tonnes) on Cassidy Gap Road, enabling…
1 Jul 2015 12:00am - 30 Jun 2016 12:00am
A wide variety of events are held at Albert Park throughout the year. Events range from fun runs and sporting tournaments to other community events. See the full calendar here.
29 Nov 2015 9:00am-2:00pm
Set amongst the historic Quarantine Station, wander through and soak up the exceptional atmosphere and regenerate your senses at this delightful market. There is something for everyone from old world to modern contemporary, a labyrinth of unique treasures worth discovering.
2 Dec 2015 3:00pm - 4 Dec 2015 12:00pm
The Deadly in Gippsland Conference is a celebration, a celebration of Aboriginal people and culture, of what can be achieved in partnership and a celebration of the deadly work being done by Aboriginal people every day.