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Wavy Volute (photo: Jonathon Stevenson)

Wavy Volute (photo: Jonathon Stevenson)

Photo by: Parks Victoria

Location: Marine

Pot-bellied Seahorse (photo: Mark Norman)

Pot-bellied Seahorse (photo: Mark Norman)

Photo by: Parks Victoria

Location: Marine

Dumpling Squid (photo: William Boyd)

Dumpling Squid (photo: William Boyd)

Photo by: Parks Victoria

Location: Marine

A useful way to distinguish and manage the marine ecosystem is by marine habitats and the animals and plants typical of these areas. A marine habitat is a place where species are found together.

Habitats provide basic needs organisms require to survive:

  • Energy or food sources
  • Oxygen
  • Water
  • Protection
  • Opportunities for reproduction.

While marine habitats may occur in different locations within a marine national park, marine sanctuary or along the coast, they often have similar species, values and are affected by similar threats.

Subtidal rocky reefs

As the name suggests, subtidal rocky reefs are composed of rocks (e.g. granite, limestone, basalt) which are always submerged, even at low tide. Found in...

Intertidal rocky reefs

Rocky reefs that are exposed at low tide are great places to explore as there are many animals and several plants that can survive out...

Sponge Gardens

Brightly coloured and composed of a huge range of invertebrate species, sponge gardens are found growing on deep reefs (generally >20m) along the coast of...

Kelp forests

Seaweed forests are made up of a special group of large brown algae called kelps. These large plants attach themselves to solid structures such as...


In sheltered bays and inlets like Western Port and Corner Inlet, and larger estuaries like the Yarra and Barwon Rivers, small trees called mangroves form...


Mudflats are places without vegetation where low tides leave soft muddy sediments exposed to the air. They are important feeding areas for many birds and...

Open water

Many animals and plants live in the open waters of Bass Strait or the Southern Ocean away from the shoreline. These areas are affected by...

Sandy plains

Sandy habitats are far from being deserts and have a surprising wealth of life. These areas are home to a range of tiny plants and...

Seagrass beds

In the sheltered parts of many bays, inlets, and estuaries flowering plants called seagrasses establish extensive underwater meadows. Seagrasses are critical in the lifecycles of...

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Graffiti scars Grampians

26 Oct 2016

Grampians National Park Rangers were shocked to discover this week that graffiti has been scrawled across a large section of rock in the northern section of the park. Parks Victoria Area Chief Ranger David Roberts said, “It is really disappointing to see tags and other graffiti anywhere in the Grampians…

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What Was That!

9 Sep 2016 8:00pm - 29 Oct 2016 8:00am

Fun scary play based on the history of the Mansion. Follow the actors throughout the Mansion and the story unfolds as you move from room to room.

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Down to Earth

24 Sep 2016 8:00pm - 17 Dec 2016 8:30pm

Down to Earth is a theatrical production performed at the Werribee Park farm at night. Set in 1862 it combines the history of the farm with interactive comedy and scary elements. Suitable ages 10 and up. Dates available 24 sept, 14, 22 October, 4 November 9 and 17 December.

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Lost Lands

29 Oct 2016 8:00am - 31 Oct 2016 7:00am

A ticketed event that provides lots of activities and entertainment for the whole family. Accommodation including camping, glamping and VIP suites available.

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Wilsons Promontory National Park Conservation Action Plan

29 Oct 2016 11:00am-12:00pm

Come along to hear about the Wilsons Promontory Conservation Action Plan, a new approach designed to improve the health of ecosystems at the Prom. An informative and interactive session presented by Phil Pegler, Manager - Environment & Conservation and Jim Whelan, Ecological Restoration Project Officer.