You are here

Home > Park management > Environment > Ecosystems > Marine

Marine

Wavy Volute (photo: Jonathon Stevenson)

Wavy Volute (photo: Jonathon Stevenson)

Photo by: Parks Victoria

Location: Marine

Pot-bellied Seahorse (photo: Mark Norman)

Pot-bellied Seahorse (photo: Mark Norman)

Photo by: Parks Victoria

Location: Marine

Dumpling Squid (photo: William Boyd)

Dumpling Squid (photo: William Boyd)

Photo by: Parks Victoria

Location: Marine

A useful way to distinguish and manage the marine ecosystem is by marine habitats and the animals and plants typical of these areas. A marine habitat is a place where species are found together.

Habitats provide basic needs organisms require to survive:

  • Energy or food sources
  • Oxygen
  • Water
  • Protection
  • Opportunities for reproduction.

While marine habitats may occur in different locations within a marine national park, marine sanctuary or along the coast, they often have similar species, values and are affected by similar threats.

Subtidal rocky reefs

As the name suggests, subtidal rocky reefs are composed of rocks (e.g. granite, limestone, basalt) which are always submerged, even at low tide. Found in...

Intertidal rocky reefs

Rocky reefs that are exposed at low tide are great places to explore as there are many animals and several plants that can survive out...

Sponge Gardens

Brightly coloured and composed of a huge range of invertebrate species, sponge gardens are found growing on deep reefs (generally greater than 20m) along the...

Kelp forests

Seaweed forests are made up of a special group of large brown algae called kelps. These large plants attach themselves to solid structures such as...

Mangroves

In sheltered bays and inlets like Western Port and Corner Inlet, and larger estuaries like the Yarra and Barwon Rivers, small trees called mangroves form...

Mudflats

Mudflats are places without vegetation where low tides leave soft muddy sediments exposed to the air. They are important feeding areas for many birds and...

Open water

Many animals and plants live in the open waters of Bass Strait or the Southern Ocean away from the shoreline. These areas are affected by...

Sandy plains

Sandy habitats are far from being deserts and have a surprising wealth of life. These areas are home to a range of tiny plants and...

Seagrass beds

In the sheltered parts of many bays, inlets, and estuaries flowering plants called seagrasses establish extensive underwater meadows. Seagrasses are critical in the lifecycles of...

What's on

Click to view RSS Feed

What was that?

15 Sep 2017 8:00pm - 31 Oct 2017 9:30pm

This play is set in the 19 century and based on the true story of the Chirnside family. Brothers Thomas and Andrew Chirnside came out from Scotland to Australia in 1839. Told by two fictitious characters, Maggie, the head maid and Mr Duncan the butler, you will be transported to…

Click to view RSS Feed

Glen Nayook Working Bee

24 Sep 2017 9:00am-11:00am

You are cordially invited to attend Friends of Glen Nayook working bee which will concentrate on cleaning up the carpark area. Please bring your own tools such as rakes and gloves. Coffee and tea will be provided after the working bee.

Click to view RSS Feed

Discovery Program

25 Sep 2017 - 6 Oct 2017

Parks Victoria’s Discovery program encourages children and adults to explore Victoria’s parks with a Ranger. Programs run every school holidays across the state and include a range of interactive and fun activities.Highlights of the September School Holidays Discovery Program at Wilsons Promontory National Park include:Join in our interactive Bioquest challenge…

Click to view RSS Feed

Junior Ranger Program

25 Sep 2017 12:00am - 6 Oct 2017 12:00am

Parks Victoria's Junior Ranger Program offers fun ranger-guided activities in parks. Discover hidden worlds, learn about Victoria's wildlife and amazing natural and cultural heritage.