You are here

Home > Park management > Environment > Ecosystems > Marine

Marine

Wavy Volute (photo: Jonathon Stevenson)

Wavy Volute (photo: Jonathon Stevenson)

Photo by: Parks Victoria

Location: Marine

Pot-bellied Seahorse (photo: Mark Norman)

Pot-bellied Seahorse (photo: Mark Norman)

Photo by: Parks Victoria

Location: Marine

Dumpling Squid (photo: William Boyd)

Dumpling Squid (photo: William Boyd)

Photo by: Parks Victoria

Location: Marine

A useful way to distinguish and manage the marine ecosystem is by marine habitats and the animals and plants typical of these areas. A marine habitat is a place where species are found together.

Habitats provide basic needs organisms require to survive:

  • Energy or food sources
  • Oxygen
  • Water
  • Protection
  • Opportunities for reproduction.

While marine habitats may occur in different locations within a marine national park, marine sanctuary or along the coast, they often have similar species, values and are affected by similar threats.

Subtidal rocky reefs

As the name suggests, subtidal rocky reefs are composed of rocks (e.g. granite, limestone, basalt) which are always submerged, even at low tide. Found in...

Intertidal rocky reefs

Rocky reefs that are exposed at low tide are great places to explore as there are many animals and several plants that can survive out...

Sponge Gardens

Brightly coloured and composed of a huge range of invertebrate species, sponge gardens are found growing on deep reefs (generally >20m) along the coast of...

Kelp forests

Seaweed forests are made up of a special group of large brown algae called kelps. These large plants attach themselves to solid structures such as...

Mangroves

In sheltered bays and inlets like Western Port and Corner Inlet, and larger estuaries like the Yarra and Barwon Rivers, small trees called mangroves form...

Mudflats

Mudflats are places without vegetation where low tides leave soft muddy sediments exposed to the air. They are important feeding areas for many birds and...

Open water

Many animals and plants live in the open waters of Bass Strait or the Southern Ocean away from the shoreline. These areas are affected by...

Sandy plains

Sandy habitats are far from being deserts and have a surprising wealth of life. These areas are home to a range of tiny plants and...

Seagrass beds

In the sheltered parts of many bays, inlets, and estuaries flowering plants called seagrasses establish extensive underwater meadows. Seagrasses are critical in the lifecycles of...

A Brolga in native saltmarsh Click to view the news RSS feed.

Local “Kakadu” site restored for native wildlife

15 Apr 2016

A saltmarsh area that is vital habitat for native wildlife including the critically endangered Orange-bellied Parrot in Victoria’s Port Phillip Bay is being restored thanks to a partnership between Melbourne Water and Parks Victoria. The five year restoration project is focusing on a saltmarsh area at Point Wilson near Lara…

View all latest news

What's on

Click to view RSS Feed

What's on at Albert Park

1 Jul 2015 12:00am - 30 Jun 2016 12:00am

A wide variety of events are held at Albert Park throughout the year. Events range from fun runs and sporting tournaments to other community events. See the full calendar here.

Click to view RSS Feed

Information session: Eastern Barred Bandicoot protection program

3 May 2016 6:00pm-8:00pm

You’re invited to attend an information session on work underway to protect the endangered Eastern Barred Bandicoot at Woodlands Historic Park. Talk to staff from Parks Victoria and experts from the Eastern Barred Bandicoot Recovery Team about the reintroduction of Bandicoots into a predator proof enclosure in the park’s ‘Back…

Click to view RSS Feed

Threatened birds of the Murray Mallee information session and field day

14 May 2016 9:30am - 15 May 2016 12:00am

BirdLife Australia is holding a weekend of events exploring threatened birds of the Murray Mallee and the importance of appropriate fire management in their conservation. On Saturday at an information session at DELWP Mildura, 308 Koorlong Rd, Irymple hear from researchers from La Trobe University, DELWP and BirdLife Australia, then…

Click to view RSS Feed

TROS WALK - DARBY SADDLE

15 May 2016 9:30am-11:30am

TROS is a community project in partnership with Parks Victoria to create a communal meeting place at the site of the current play ground at Tidal River. Darby Saddle One or two steep'ish climbs but ample opportunity to choose your own pace and adventure.it is not a guided walk. We…