You are here

Home > Park management > Environment > Ecosystems > Marine > Mangroves

Mangroves

Beaded Glasswort (photo: Mark Rodrigue)

Beaded Glasswort (photo: Mark Rodrigue)

Photo by: Parks Victoria

Location: Mangroves

Mud Crabs (photo: Mark Rodrigue)

Mud Crabs (photo: Mark Rodrigue)

Photo by: Parks Victoria

Location: Mangroves

White Mangroves (photo: Jacqui Pocklington)

White Mangroves (photo: Jacqui Pocklington)

Photo by: Parks Victoria

Location: Mangroves

Yellow Eye Mullet (photo: Marine Discovery Centre)

Yellow Eye Mullet (photo: Marine Discovery Centre)

Photo by: Parks Victoria

Location: Mangroves

In sheltered bays and inlets like Western Port and Corner Inlet, and larger estuaries like the Yarra and Barwon Rivers, small trees called mangroves form an important protective fringe along the coastline and out into the water.

Mangroves provide important protection for coastlines from the erosion caused by waves and storms.

The White Mangrove (Avicennia marina) is the only mangrove species found in Victoria. It also grows in tropical areas as much larger trees.

Mangroves have a range of features that allow them to survive on the edge of the sea in the challenging habitat of thick, airless and salty mud. They have specialised breathing roots, salt glands for removing excessive salt and large seeds that can float in seawater.

Many species of animals including crustaceans and fish, feed among the mangroves in the early stages of their life. Species found in this habitat include Yellow Eye Mullet (Aldrichetta forsteri), Mangrove snail (Bembicium sp) and Mud Crabs (Paragrapsus laevis).

Key Threats

  • Poor water quality entering the sea from catchments 
  • Oil and chemical pollution 
  • Fishing or removal of animals and plants 
  • Marine pests which compete for food or space 
  • Trampling of the mangrove’s specialised breathing roots
  • Climate change effects including sea level rise, warming sea surface temperatures, and increasing ocean acidity.

Where to see mangroves

Related links

Related publications

oldwifefish Click to view the news RSS feed.

Sharing the Love for Marine Protected Areas

12 Aug 2016

All things fishy are being celebrated in Warrnambool this weekend, with marine volunteers across the state gathering at Deakin University for the third Sharing the Love forum. Friends of Merri Marine Sanctuary and Parks Victoria are hosting the event, which celebrates and supports community involvement in Victoria’s marine national parks…

View all latest news

What's on

Click to view RSS Feed

10 Annual Kooyoora Wildflower Show

17 Sep 2016 9:00am - 18 Sep 2016 4:00pm

The 10 Annual Kooyoora Wildflower Show is on September 17 and 18 at the Inglewood Eucalyptus Museum. Gates open at 9am each day and close at 4pm. $5 entry for adults with children U18 free. The event includes static wildflower displays, twice daily guided bus tours to Kooyoora State Park,…

Click to view RSS Feed

Science In the Park - Brilliant Birds

19 Sep 2016 9:00am-10:30am

Brilliant Birds - PrimeSCI! activity for Prep - Year 2 students. Work in the field and identify our unique native birds. Record their numbers and find out if they are common or rare. Most importantly, understand their needs to survive and how they can be protected.

Click to view RSS Feed

Science In The Park - Dinosaurs Great & Small

19 Sep 2016 9:00am-10:30am

PrimeSCI! activity for years 3-6. Become a palaeontologist for the day! What can fossils show us about the diet of dinosaurs? Why did they have claws? Lesson includes a tour of the Victorian Polar Dinosaur display in the Coolart Homestead.

Click to view RSS Feed

Science In The Park - Bird Nest Box Workshop

19 Sep 2016 11:00am-12:30pm

PrimeSCI! will show you how to build a nest box for the birds of Coolart Wetlands & Homestead Reserve. Parents welcome to come along. Learn all about bird habitats and the need for nest boxes. All ages welcome!