You are here

Home > Park management > Environment > Ecosystems > Marine > Mangroves

Mangroves

Beaded Glasswort (photo: Mark Rodrigue)

Beaded Glasswort (photo: Mark Rodrigue)

Photo by: Parks Victoria

Location: Mangroves

Mud Crabs (photo: Mark Rodrigue)

Mud Crabs (photo: Mark Rodrigue)

Photo by: Parks Victoria

Location: Mangroves

White Mangroves (photo: Jacqui Pocklington)

White Mangroves (photo: Jacqui Pocklington)

Photo by: Parks Victoria

Location: Mangroves

Yellow Eye Mullet (photo: Marine Discovery Centre)

Yellow Eye Mullet (photo: Marine Discovery Centre)

Photo by: Parks Victoria

Location: Mangroves

In sheltered bays and inlets like Western Port and Corner Inlet, and larger estuaries like the Yarra and Barwon Rivers, small trees called mangroves form an important protective fringe along the coastline and out into the water.

Mangroves provide important protection for coastlines from the erosion caused by waves and storms.

The White Mangrove (Avicennia marina) is the only mangrove species found in Victoria. It also grows in tropical areas as much larger trees.

Mangroves have a range of features that allow them to survive on the edge of the sea in the challenging habitat of thick, airless and salty mud. They have specialised breathing roots, salt glands for removing excessive salt and large seeds that can float in seawater.

Many species of animals including crustaceans and fish, feed among the mangroves in the early stages of their life. Species found in this habitat include Yellow Eye Mullet (Aldrichetta forsteri), Mangrove snail (Bembicium sp) and Mud Crabs (Paragrapsus laevis).

Key Threats

  • Poor water quality entering the sea from catchments 
  • Oil and chemical pollution 
  • Fishing or removal of animals and plants 
  • Marine pests which compete for food or space 
  • Trampling of the mangrove’s specialised breathing roots
  • Climate change effects including sea level rise, warming sea surface temperatures, and increasing ocean acidity.

Where to see mangroves

Related links

Related publications

Middle Brighton Pier Click to view the news RSS feed.

Have your say on Middle Brighton Pier

23 Mar 2017

Parks Victoria is seeking public feedback on a draft concept plan to upgrade a section of Middle Brighton Pier after regular monitoring identified the middle section of the pier, which was built in 1938, will require replacement within the next few years. The concept plan will focus on the replacement…

View all latest news

What's on

Click to view RSS Feed

Herring Island Summer Arts Festival 2017

14 Jan 2017 - 17 Apr 2017

The Herring Island Summer Arts Festival 2017 presents a series of 4 exhibitions, by: Association of Sculptors of Victoria Basketmakers of Victoria Contemporary Art Society of Victoria A4 Art Australia The Gallery on Herring Island will be open every weekend from 14 January through 17 April, including Australia Day holiday…

Click to view RSS Feed

Wilsons Promontory Term One School Holiday Discovery Program

3 Apr 2017 - 16 Apr 2017

Parks Victoria’s Discovery program encourages children and adults to explore Victoria’s parks with a ranger. Programs include a range of interactive and fun activities. Highlights of the Term One School Holiday Program at the Prom include opportunities to: Meet a modern day lighthouse keeper to discover the history of Wilsons…

Click to view RSS Feed

Federal Cave Tour

3 Apr 2017 3:00pm-4:00pm

This historical tour provides a unique opportunity to view a cave that is rarely open to the public and is part of the same cave system as the Royal and the Fairy show caves. Lit only by solar-powered pathway lights, you are provided with a helmet and headlight to view…

Click to view RSS Feed

Lilly Pilly Cave Tour

4 Apr 2017 11:00am-12:30pm

A rare opportunity to visit spectacular caves located to the north of Buchan. Be prepared for something very special. The tour requires a 14 km drive north of Buchan and a reasonable level of fitness.