You are here

Home > Park management > Environment > Ecosystems > Marine > Mangroves

Mangroves

Beaded Glasswort (photo: Mark Rodrigue)

Beaded Glasswort (photo: Mark Rodrigue)

3 years ago from Parks Victoria

Location: Mangroves

Mud Crabs (photo: Mark Rodrigue)

Mud Crabs (photo: Mark Rodrigue)

3 years ago from Parks Victoria

Location: Mangroves

White Mangroves (photo: Jacqui Pocklington)

White Mangroves (photo: Jacqui Pocklington)

3 years ago from Parks Victoria

Location: Mangroves

Yellow Eye Mullet (photo: Marine Discovery Centre)

Yellow Eye Mullet (photo: Marine Discovery Centre)

3 years ago from Parks Victoria

Location: Mangroves

In sheltered bays and inlets like Western Port and Corner Inlet, and larger estuaries like the Yarra and Barwon Rivers, small trees called mangroves form an important protective fringe along the coastline and out into the water.

Mangroves provide important protection for coastlines from the erosion caused by waves and storms.

The White Mangrove (Avicennia marina) is the only mangrove species found in Victoria. It also grows in tropical areas as much larger trees.

Mangroves have a range of features that allow them to survive on the edge of the sea in the challenging habitat of thick, airless and salty mud. They have specialised breathing roots, salt glands for removing excessive salt and large seeds that can float in seawater.

Many species of animals including crustaceans and fish, feed among the mangroves in the early stages of their life. Species found in this habitat include Yellow Eye Mullet (Aldrichetta forsteri), Mangrove snail (Bembicium sp) and Mud Crabs (Paragrapsus laevis).

Key Threats

  • Poor water quality entering the sea from catchments 
  • Oil and chemical pollution 
  • Fishing or removal of animals and plants 
  • Marine pests which compete for food or space 
  • Trampling of the mangrove’s specialised breathing roots
  • Climate change effects including sea level rise, warming sea surface temperatures, and increasing ocean acidity.

Where to see mangroves

Related links

Related publications

What's on

Click to view RSS Feed

Discover the Prom this winter

29 Jun 2015 - 10 Jul 2015

Join a ranger to discover Wilsons Promontory National Park this winter. Adventure through forest tracks, along Tidal River and amongst boulders of the rocky shore. Help celebrate National Aborigines and Islander Day Observance Committee (NAIDOC) Week by creating a stencil art banner. Discover the unique flora of the Prom and…

Click to view RSS Feed

What's on for July in Albert Park

1 Jul 2015 - 31 Jul 2015

A wide variety of events are held at Albert Park throughout the year. Events range from fun runs and sporting tournaments to other community events. See the full calendar here.

Click to view RSS Feed

All Dinosaurs Great and Small

8 Jul 2015 10:00am-12:00pm

Be a palaeontologist for the day! What can fossils show us about the diet of dinosaurs? Why did they have claws? Learn how modern animals teach us about the behaviour of prehistoric creatures and make your own fossil replica to take home. All weather activity.

Click to view RSS Feed

Owls on the Prowl

8 Jul 2015 1:00pm-3:00pm

Have you ever wondered what owls eat? Children dissect an owl pellet and find out exactly what their barn owl has been eating. A great session for young biologists! All weather activity.