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Science and adaptive management

Adaptive management provides a structured approach to inform park management decisions in times of uncertainty.

Natural systems are complex and there will always be information gaps and uncertainty.

Adaptive management is based on the following principles:

  • Objectives for parks must be clearly defined
  • Management responses must be measured against those objectives 
  • Further management responses are adjusted to incorporate evaluation and feedback. 

Parks Victoria’s adaptive management framework has five clear stages:

  1. Set the context - define the important assets and threats
  2. Plan - set measurable goals and objectives to direct management strategies
  3. Implement management and monitoring programs
  4. Evaluate - analyse and apply the information collected
  5. Communicate - share the information and learn from the experiences.

Marine monitoring

Parks Victoria has an extensive monitoring program across the network of Marine Protected Areas as part of the Signs of Healthy Parks Program (SHP)....

Marine research

The marine research program provides information on natural values and threatening processes within Marine Protected Areas (MPAs). The program addresses management challenges and applied...

Marine science

Across Victoria there are 30 Marine Protected Areas (MPAs). These include Marine National Parks (MNP), Marine Sanctuaries (MS), Marine and Coastal Parks, Marine Parks and...


Research is an important part of environmental management. It provides objective, reliable information to underpin and support sound decision making. Research enables environmental managers to:...

Signs of Healthy Parks

Signs of Healthy Parks (SHP) provides a framework for systematic and integrated ecological monitoring of the health of the state’s ecosystems. The SHP aims to:...

State of the Parks

Parks Victoria evaluates the effectiveness of our park management activities in parks across the state through our State of the Parks (SoP) program. The purpose...

Tools for adaptive management

Ecosystem conceptual models Parks Victoria has developed ecosystem conceptual models for the nine natural ecosystems that occur across Victoria (White 2010). For each ecosystem the...