Invasive weeds are a serious threat to biodiversity in Victoria both on land and in aquatic environments.
Weeds compete with native plants for space, nutrients and sunlight. They change the natural diversity and balance of ecological communities. Weeds also affect the function native species have in providing nutrients and habitat for other species.
Weeds that have been introduced into the Australian environment have no natural controls from insects, grazing animals or fungi that feed on them to limit their spread.
There are over 1000 species of weeds occurring on public land in Victoria.
More about weeds
- Weeds often reproduce in a way that allows them to spread over large distances. For example, willows have winged seeds that are carried on the wind tens of kilometers from their source
- Woody weeds, such as blackberry and gorse, shade out native plants and create impenetrable thickets
- Scrambling weeds such as Bridal Creeper, smother native plants and create dense root mats that prevent other plants from accessing adequate moisture and nutrients
- Some exotic grasses out-compete native grasses and can create high fuel loads that can cause greater bushfire intensity
- Some weeds, like the Hawkweed, can produce biochemicals that inhibit the growth of other plants around them
Marine weeds can release large amounts of spores allowing them to reproduce quickly.
Parks Victoria works with the Department of Environment and Primary Industries, other land managers, land owners and community groups to manage weeds in parks.
The four objectives for weed management are to:
- Prevent their spread by making sure equipment and vehicles are clean of seeds and spores
- Eradicate small infestations that are unlikely to have spread beyond a definable boundary
- Contain infestations where they can be prevented from expanding beyond a defined containment line
- Protect assets (e.g. native plants and animals, neighbouring agricultural land) from the impacts of invasive weeds by reducing population densities.
Weed infestations are controlled mainly through the use of chemical sprays. However, in fragile environments such as the alpine peatlands and marine environments, weeds may be pulled manually by hand.
Biological control is another way weeds are controlled. This is when one living species (such as a plant, fungi or insect) is introduced to control an unwanted species. Biological control may be used when weeds are too widespread for chemicals to be used.
25 Jul 2016
Visitors to the Twelve Apostles will see geotechnical scientists working in the area this week as part of the Victorian Government’s $9.8 million visitor infrastructure improvements program for the Shipwreck Coast. Castle Rock at the Twelve Apostles, the Blowhole at Loch Ard Gorge and Campbell’s Creek in Port Campbell have…
14 Aug 2016 10:00am-3:00pm
Join PrimeSCI!; the LabRats Student Science Club for a day of fun hands on science activities. 'Young scientists' learn to identify and monitor local species of birds, frogs, koalas, ants and freshwater invertebrates. Or hear from researchers from Westernport Biosphere, Platypus Education Group and other presenters in the wetlands observatory.
25 Sep 2016 9:00am-11:00am
Loop track maintenance. Morning tea provided.
25 Sep 2016 10:30am-1:30pm
The historic site will be open to the public as part of the Activities in the Park program supported by the City of Greater Shepparton. Come along to take a tour of the best preserved 19 century flour mill in Victoria and learn more about its history. The mill is…