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Legislative Framework

Victoria’s parks and reserves system has been established over the past 120 years through the efforts and commitment of a wide range of organisations and individuals. Parks are reserved for a variety of purposes, and managed within the context of state and Commonwealth legislation, international treaties, government policies, best-practice principles, strategies and guidelines.

Key state legislation in relation to parks and reserves includes, but is not limited to;

  • National Parks Act 1975 and Regulations
  • Crown Lands (Reserves) Act 1978 and Regulations
  • Parks Victoria Act 2018
  • Port Management Act 1995

Other important state legislation includes, but is not limited to;

  • Aboriginal Heritage Act 1996
  • Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988
  • Forests Act 1958 and Regulations
  • Heritage Act 1995
  • Land Conservation (Vehicle Control) Act 1972 and Regulations
  • Traditional Owner Settlement Act 2010

All current Victoria legislation can be found here: www.legislation.vic.gov.au

Commonwealth legislation which has direct, or major, implications for the management of Victorian parks and reserves includes, but is not limited to;

  • Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999
  • Native Title Act 1993
  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Heritage Protection Act 1984

Summary of legislation, policy and guidelines

See also Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning

Fees and Penalties

Victorian Government departments and agencies charge a range of fees for services and regulatory purposes, including licensing and registering certain activities and fines for improper conduct, and to discourage unlawful behaviour. These fees and fines are officially set and revised by legislation relevant to their application.
Further information is available from the DELWP website.