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Summary of legislation, policy and guidelines

The documents most relevant to the management of Victoria’s parks and reserves are listed below.

International treaties, conventions and initiatives:

  • China–Australia Migratory Birds Agreement 1986 (CAMBA)
  • Japan–Australia Migratory Birds Agreement 1974 (JAMBA)
  • Convention Concerning the Protection of the Natural Resources and the Environment of the South Pacific Region (SPREP Convention)
  • Convention Concerning the Protection of the Natural Resources and the Environment of the South Pacific Region (SPREP Convention 1986)
  • Convention on Biological Diversity
  • Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora 1973
  • Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals 1979 (Bonn Convention)
  • Convention on the Conservation of Nature in the South Pacific 1976 (APIA Convention)
  • Guidelines for Protected Area Management Categories (IUCN World Conservation Union)
  • Man and the Biosphere Program (MAP) UNESCO
  • United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
  • Convention on Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar Convention)
  • World Heritage Convention

Commonwealth legislation:

  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Heritage Protection Act 1984 (Cwlth)
  • Biosecurity Act 2015 (Cwlth)
  • Civil Aviation Act 1988 (Cwlth) and sub-ordinate instruments, including Civil Aviation Orders and Fly Neighborly Agreements
  • Endangered Species Protection Act 1992 (Cwlth)
  • Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (Cwlth) (EPBC Act)
  • Environment Protection (Impact of Proposals) Act 1974 (Cwlth)
  • Historic Shipwrecks Act 1976 (Cwlth)
  • Native Title Act 1993 (Cwlth)
  • Telecommunications Act 1997 (Cwlth) and Low Impact Determination
  • Trade Practices Act 1974 (Cwlth)

National policies and initiatives:

Victorian legislation:

  • Aboriginal Heritage Act 2006 (Vic.)
  • Catchment and Land Protection Act 1994 (Vic.)
  • Charter of Human Rights and Responsibilities Act 2006 (Vic.) (“the Charter”)
  • Coastal Management Act 1995(Vic.)
  • Conservation, Forests and Lands Act 1987 (Vic.)
  • Crown Land (Reserves) Act 1978 (Vic.)
  • Emergency Management Act 1986 (Vic.)
  • Environmental Effects Act 1978 (Vic.)
  • Environment Protection Act 1970 (Vic.), including State Environment Protection Policies (Waters of Victoria) and its schedules
  • Fences Act 1968 (Vic.)
  • Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988 (Vic.)
  • Fisheries Act 1995 (Vic.)
  • Forests Act 1958 (Vic.)
  • Heritage Act 1995(Vic.)
  • Heritage Rivers Act 1992(Vic.)
  • Interpretation of Legislation Act 1984 (Vic.)
  • Land Act 1958 (Vic.)
  • Land Acquisition and Compensations Act 1986 (Vic.)
  • Land Conservation (Vehicle Control) Act 1972 (Vic.)
  • Land Conservation (Vehicle Control) Regulations 2003 (Vic.)
  • Livestock Disease Control Act 1994 (Vic.)
  • Marine Safety Act 2010 (Vic.)
  • Mineral Resources (Sustainable Development) Act 1990 (Vic.)
  • Museums Act 1983 (Vic.)
  • National Parks Act 1975 (Vic.)
  • National Park (Park) Regulations 2003 (Vic.)
  • Occupational Health and Safety Act 1985 (Vic.)
  • Parks Victoria Act 1998 (Vic.)
  • Petroleum Act 1998 (Vic.)
  • Petroleum (Submerged Lands) Act 1982 (Vic.)
  • Pipelines Act 2005 (Vic.)
  • Port  Management Act 1995 (Vic.)
  • Port Services (Local Ports) Regulations 2004 (Vic.)
  • Reference Areas Act 1978 (Vic.)
  • Road Safety Act 1986 (Vic.)
  • Road Management Act 2004 (Vic.)
  • Subordinate Legislation Act 1994 (Vic.)
  • Traditional Owner Settlement Act 2010(Vic.)
  • Transfer of Land Act 1958 (Vic.)
  • Water Act 1989 (Vic.)
  • Wildlife Act 1975 (Vic.)
  • Wildlife (Marine Mammal) Regulations 2009 (Vic.)
  • Wrongs Act 1958 (Occupiers Liability Act 1983) (Vic.)

Victorian policies and strategies:

  • A Fairer Victoria (DPCD 2010)
  • Growing Victoria Together (2001)
  • Guidelines and Procedures for Managing Environmental Impacts of Weeds on Public Land in Victoria (DSE 2007)
  • Invasive Plant and Animal Policy Framework (IPAPF) (DSE 2009)
  • Linking People and Spaces (Parks Victoria 2002)
  • Living with Fire: Victoria’s Bushfire Strategy (2008)
  • Melbourne 2030
  • Policy for Sustainable Recreation and Tourism on Victoria’s Public Land (DSE 2002)
  • Regulatory Impact Statement Handbook
  • Securing Our Natural Future: a white paper for land and biodiversity at a time of climate change (DSE 2009)
  • Victoria’s Biodiversity Strategy
  • Victoria’s Heritage – Strengthening our Communities (State of Victoria 2006)
  • Victoria’s Nature-based Tourism Strategy 2008-12 (Tourism Victoria 2008)
  • Victorian Coastal Strategy (DSE 2008)
  • Victorian Marine Pollution Contingency Plan (VICPLAN) (MSV 2002)
  • Victorian Native Title Settlement Framework
  • Victorian River Health Strategy (DSE 2002)
  • Waste Management Policy (Ship’s Ballast Water) (EPA 2004)

Codes of Practice:

National and State Codes of Practice have been developed on a range of matters, and may be voluntary or statutory in nature. Some codes relevant to the management and administration of parks and reserves are listed below.

  • Animal Welfare (various)
  • Beekeeping Code of Practice
  • Code of Practice for Fire Management on Public Land (DSE 2006)
  • Code of Practice for Powerline Clearance (Vegetation)
  • Code of Practice for Telecommunications Infrastructure (Cwlth)

Park establishment

The history of the establishment and expansion of individual parks is now compiled into one document.

This history of the reservation of each of Victoria's parks currently reserved under the National Parks Act includes:

  • the size of each park when first established
  • every addition or excision since, including the year and the name of relevant legislation.

Creation of parks (PDF)

Creation of parks (MSWord accessible version)