Culture and heritage
Volcanic activity to the north and north-west of the Plenty River reshaped the river's course. Aboriginal people were attracted to this area because of the thinly timbered landscapes and permanent water source. These qualities also attracted European pastoral settlers in the 1830s.
Sheep and cattle grazing were the main agricultural practices in the region. In the 1850s and 1860s 'gold fever' struck the Plenty region. However, it was not the discovery of gold itself which was important to the region but the increased demand for meat and agriculture products throughout Victoria.
During the 1980s the Victorian state government decided there was a need to protect the natural and heritage features of Plenty Gorge for future generations, whilst also providing important public open space areas with varied recreational opportunities.