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The picnic grounds of Silvan Reservoir Park consist mainly of exotic and non-indigenous vegetation, representing the cultural history of the area. Created in the 1930s, the gardens were designed to reflect a European style. Cypress, spruce, liquidamber, poplar, and maples are just some of the beautiful exotic trees you will see at Silvan Reservoir Park.
The Stonyford Creek area consists of remnant native vegetation, ranging from typical riparian to a drier open forest vegetation type. Dominant species within this area include peppermint and messmate eucalypts, grey gums, wattles, banksias and native grasses. A variety of fern species are also common along the creek banks
Urbanisation, widespread clearance of native vegetation and the construction of the reservoir has had a dramatic effect on the abundance and diversity of native fauna in the park. Competition and predation from introduced animals such as foxes, rabbits and cats has also impacted on native fauna and caused widespread destruction of habitat.
Silvan Reservoir Park is home to a number of native mammals such as the short-beaked echidna, common brushtail and ringtail possums, sugar glider and the common wombat. These are found in the forested areas of the Stonyford Creek. A variety of bat species also inhabit areas of Silvan Reservoir Park.
Silvan Reservoir Park is frequented by a diverse range of birds. Herons, spoonbills, duck species, rosellas, wedge-tailed eagles, thornbills, treecreepers, robins, owls and cockatoo species can all be observed.