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Ecosystems

Terrestrial Ecosystems

Ecosystems are generally recognised by the characteristic vegetation they support. Victoria’s land area supports a wider range of ecosystems than any area of a similar size in Australia: alpine, mallee, grasslands and grassy woodlands, forests, heathlands and heathy woodlands, inland waters and estuaries, and coasts.

Victorian natural ecosystems support at least:

  • 3140 native species of vascular plants
  • 900 lichens
  • 750 mosses and liverworts
  • 111 mammals
  • 447 birds
  • 46 freshwater and 600 marine fish
  • 133 reptiles
  • 33 amphibians
  • an untold number of invertebrates, fungi and algae.

This richness, in the number of different ecosystems and different species, and the genetic variety they exhibit — is what we call biodiversity.

Parks play a crucial role in protecting Victoria’s ecosystems including the numerous habitats, floral and faunal communities and ecosystem services (e.g. clean air, clean water) they support.

Parks protect 93 per cent of Victoria’s native flora species and 86 per cent of native fauna species. Our ecosystems are a scientific, cultural, spiritual and economic inheritance that is distinctly Victorian, and one that we must conserve and manage for future generations.

Marine Ecosystems

Marine ecosystems are the combination of the animals and plants which depend on each other in some way that make up marine communities, and the physical environment and supports them. Victoria’s marine environment is shaped by the high energy cool waters of the Southern Ocean and the relatively calmer but warmer waters of the south-western Pacific. Our marine ecosystems have developed independently from other major marine regions of the world which has resulted in many species being found nowhere else.

Victoria’s marine ecosystems support more than 12,000 species of marine animals and plants, most of which are found nowhere else in the world

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What's on for May in Albert Park

1 May 2015 - 31 May 2015

A wide variety of events are held at Albert Park throughout the year. Events range from fun runs and sporting tournaments to other community events. See the full calendar here.

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Night Owl Naturewise Experience

6 May 2015 8:30am - 8 May 2015 6:00pm

Work alongside Parks Victoria in threatened species recovery monitoring for the four large Forest Owls including: Powerful, Barking, Masked and Sooty Owl. Approximately 4-5 hours each evening will be spent out in the field. The Forest Owl Monitoring program is managed by Parks Victoria. Activities involve owl playbacks for response,…

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Bandicoots Night Watch

7 May 2015 5:30pm-10:00pm

Woodlands Historic Park comes to life at dusk with kangaroos, wallabies, possums and other wildlife springing into action. We will be looking out for the Eastern Barred Bandicoots and learning about the program to save them from extinction. We start the evening with a light dinner under the stars before…

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Werribee Park Friends Groups Plant Sale

9 May 2015 10:00am-2:00pm

Werribee Park’s on site nursery, which is run by all of our combined friends groups, is bursting at the seams with over 1600 plants now ready for sale. All of the plants have been propagated by Werribee Park volunteers and students. Plant sale will run from the Nursery area adjacent…