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Ecosystems

Terrestrial Ecosystems

Ecosystems are generally recognised by the characteristic vegetation they support. Victoria’s land area supports a wider range of ecosystems than any area of a similar size in Australia: alpine, mallee, grasslands and grassy woodlands, forests, heathlands and heathy woodlands, inland waters and estuaries, and coasts.

Victorian natural ecosystems support at least:

  • 3140 native species of vascular plants
  • 900 lichens
  • 750 mosses and liverworts
  • 111 mammals
  • 447 birds
  • 46 freshwater and 600 marine fish
  • 133 reptiles
  • 33 amphibians
  • an untold number of invertebrates, fungi and algae.

This richness, in the number of different ecosystems and different species, and the genetic variety they exhibit — is what we call biodiversity.

Parks play a crucial role in protecting Victoria’s ecosystems including the numerous habitats, floral and faunal communities and ecosystem services (e.g. clean air, clean water) they support.

Parks protect 93 per cent of Victoria’s native flora species and 86 per cent of native fauna species. Our ecosystems are a scientific, cultural, spiritual and economic inheritance that is distinctly Victorian, and one that we must conserve and manage for future generations.

Marine Ecosystems

Marine ecosystems are the combination of the animals and plants which depend on each other in some way that make up marine communities, and the physical environment and supports them. Victoria’s marine environment is shaped by the high energy cool waters of the Southern Ocean and the relatively calmer but warmer waters of the south-western Pacific. Our marine ecosystems have developed independently from other major marine regions of the world which has resulted in many species being found nowhere else.

Victoria’s marine ecosystems support more than 12,000 species of marine animals and plants, most of which are found nowhere else in the world

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Deer control program to protect native vegetation and habitat

06 Mar 2015

A deer control program to reduce the numbers of introduced deer in the Dandenong Ranges National Park, Yellingbo Nature Conservation Reserve and Warramate Hills Nature Conservation Reserve will resume in mid-March to limit the environmental impact on native species of wildlife and vegetation. “This program will continue to restore these…

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Easter Holiday Discovery Program

30 Mar 2015 12:00am - 10 Apr 2015 12:00am

The holiday discovery program at Wilsons Promontory National Park offers an exciting array of activities for all ages exploring our marine and coastal environments. Become a bush detective, explore rock pools at low tide, decorate a take home reusable bag with stencils of native plants, look through binoculars at the…

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Grampians Naturewise Experience

30 Mar 2015 8:30am - 1 Apr 2015 6:00pm

Come join our Grampians Naturewise holiday experience in Victoria! You'll join park rangers to track and protect the elusive Brush-tailed Phascogales. Go behind the scenes and enjoy the breathtaking landscape with local walks while assisting with endangered species monitoring. The Grampians National Park has recently captured footage of a rare…

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What's on for April in Albert Park

1 Apr 2015 - 30 Apr 2015

A wide variety of events are held at Albert Park throughout the year. Events range from fun runs and sporting tournaments to other community events. See the full calendar here.

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Cadbury Good Friday Easter Egg Hunt

3 Apr 2015 9:30am-3:00pm

Children aged three to 12 can take part in one of the many egg hunts throughout the day, make Easter gifts at the Arts and Crafts tent and will be able to visit the carnival area complete with pony rides, face painting and sack races. The lovable Cadbury Easter Bunny…