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Ecosystems

Terrestrial Ecosystems

Ecosystems are generally recognised by the characteristic vegetation they support. Victoria’s land area supports a wider range of ecosystems than any area of a similar size in Australia: alpine, mallee, grasslands and grassy woodlands, forests, heathlands and heathy woodlands, inland waters and estuaries, and coasts.

Victorian natural ecosystems support at least:

  • 3140 native species of vascular plants
  • 900 lichens
  • 750 mosses and liverworts
  • 111 mammals
  • 447 birds
  • 46 freshwater and 600 marine fish
  • 133 reptiles
  • 33 amphibians
  • an untold number of invertebrates, fungi and algae.

This richness, in the number of different ecosystems and different species, and the genetic variety they exhibit — is what we call biodiversity.

Parks play a crucial role in protecting Victoria’s ecosystems including the numerous habitats, floral and faunal communities and ecosystem services (e.g. clean air, clean water) they support.

Parks protect 93 per cent of Victoria’s native flora species and 86 per cent of native fauna species. Our ecosystems are a scientific, cultural, spiritual and economic inheritance that is distinctly Victorian, and one that we must conserve and manage for future generations.

Marine Ecosystems

Marine ecosystems are the combination of the animals and plants which depend on each other in some way that make up marine communities, and the physical environment and supports them. Victoria’s marine environment is shaped by the high energy cool waters of the Southern Ocean and the relatively calmer but warmer waters of the south-western Pacific. Our marine ecosystems have developed independently from other major marine regions of the world which has resulted in many species being found nowhere else.

Victoria’s marine ecosystems support more than 12,000 species of marine animals and plants, most of which are found nowhere else in the world

Pelican colony in Mud Islands, Port Phillip Heads Marine National Park Click to view the news RSS feed.

Partnership breathes new life into Mud Islands

27 Jun 2014

Parks Victoria and the Corangamite Catchment Management Authority are working together to protect saltmarsh habitats in and around Port Phillip as part of a $1.29m Australian Government program over five years to undertake revegetation and pest plant and animal control in areas that are critical for endangered species such as…

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Bandicoot Night Watch

10 Jul 2014 5:30pm-10:00pm

Come and discover Melbourne's nocturnal wildlife on this behind the scenes spotlight tour. We will be looking out for the Eastern Barred Bandicoots and learning about the program to save them from extinction. We start the evening with spectacular sunset views from Gellibrand Hill, followed by an Aussie BBQ under…

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Junior Ranger – Guess Who?

11 Jul 2014 10:00am-11:30am

In small teams, solve fun challenges and uncover clues to reveal the identities of some unique creatures that live from shore to sea in Wilsons Promontory Marine National Park.

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No Frills Friday racing

11 Jul 2014 6:00pm-8:30pm

Low key, fun, club racing in the Kurrajong

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Annual Lyrebird Survey Weekend

12 Jul 2014 2:30pm - 13 Jul 2014 9:00am

Note: The Lyrebird Survey is now fully booked. Thankyou to everyone who responded. The Annual Lyrebird Survey is a fun way to get involved in Kinglake National Park, learn more about lyrebirds and their habitat, and witness the spectacular male lyrebirds performing their song to woo the passing females during…