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Marine pests

The European fan worm

The European fan worm

Photo by: Unknown LDAP UserParks Victoria

Location: Marine pests

Japanese Kelp

Japanese Kelp

Photo by: Unknown LDAP UserParks Victoria

Location: Marine pests

Steve Tuohy with invasive seaweed and seastar

Steve Tuohy with invasive seaweed and seastar

Photo by: Unknown LDAP UserParks Victoria

Location: Marine pests

Northern Pacific Seastar

Northern Pacific Seastar

Photo by: Unknown LDAP UserParks Victoria

Location: Marine pests

Marine pests are non-native plants or animals which can have a detrimental impact on native marine ecosystems. They are introduced into Australian waters via human activities such as shipping. Not all introduced species will become a pest as they need to be able to establish themselves in the new environment. Many established introduced species have the ability to produce huge numbers of spores or offspring which allows them to spread and increase population sizes quickly.

Both plant and animal marine pests are undesirable because they can have a big impact on marine ecosystems and human activities. They can disrupt food chains, endanger native marine life and alter ecosystem processes. There can also be direct effects on human lifestyle such as illness and damage to marine economic benefits gained from aquaculture and fishing. They can make the environment less attractive, making activities such as diving and snorkelling less enjoyable.

Marine pests come in all shapes and sizes. Over 250 are known to have been introduced to Australian waters with over 100 species introduced to Port Phillip Bay.

Report any sighting of marine pests to the Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning on 136 186.

Northern Pacific seastar

The Northern Pacific seastar, Asterias amurensis, is mostly yellow in colour, with varying amounts of purple on the arms. The five arms taper and curl upwards at the ends, unlike native seastar species. This characteristic is useful for distinguishing the Northern Pacific seastar from native species such as the zigzag star and eleven-armed seastar.

The first confirmed sighting of the Northern Pacific seastar in Port Phillip bay was in August 1995. It is thought that was introduced to Tasmania through ballast water from Japan and subsequently introduced into Port Phillip Bay from Tasmania. The Port Phillip Bay infestation is unfortunately well established and has negative impacts on native species and marine industries. Measures to stop the spread of the seastar to other areas in Victoria are in place. For more information see the Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning website.

European Fan Worm

The European fan worm, Sabella spallanzanii, is a filter feeding tube worm which can grow up to 40cm long. The feeding fan is composed of two layers of feeding tentacles, one of which is spiraled. These tentacles can range in colour from uniform white to striped orange, purple and white.

The first recording of the European fan worm in Australia was in 1965 in Western Australia. By mid-1980’s it had reached Port Phillip Bay and it is now very common, especially on pier piles. This worm has the potential to alter ecosystem processes and compete with native species for food and space. It is also a problem for the aquaculture industry as it is a nuisance fouler.

Japanese Kelp

Japanese Kelp, Undaria pinnatifida, is a seaweed native to the Japan Sea and is found along the coasts of Japan, Korea and parts of China. It is a golden brown seaweed which can grow to anywhere between 0.5m to 3m long. Most disconcerting is the speed at which the kelp grows; it has the capacity to overgrow and exclude native seaweeds.

The seaweed was first discovered in Australia off the east coast of Tasmania in 1988, however evidence suggests it was likely to have been present in Tasmania since 1982. Since this time, the kelp has become established within Port Phillip Bay and, more recently has been discovered in Apollo Bay. Once it has become established it is hard to eradicate, however removal efforts in Apollo Bay have been promising.

Further Information

Removing the warning signs at Lake Charlegrark Click to view the news RSS feed.

Lake Charlegrark clear of blue green algae

20 Jul 2016

Lake Charlegrark is once again safe for water sports, swimming and fishing, Parks Victoria Area Chief Ranger Mark Urquhart said today. “Blue green algae has been present in this popular destination for 18 months, resulting in public health warnings for people and pets against contacting or ingesting the water,” he…

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Science In The Park: Wildlife Counts

14 Aug 2016 10:00am-3:00pm

Join PrimeSCI!; the LabRats Student Science Club for a day of fun hands on science activities. 'Young scientists' learn to identify and monitor local species of birds, frogs, koalas, ants and freshwater invertebrates. Or hear from researchers from Westernport Biosphere, Platypus Education Group and other presenters in the wetlands observatory.

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Friends of Glen Nayook working bee

25 Sep 2016 9:00am-11:00am

Loop track maintenance. Morning tea provided.

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Days Mill Open Day

25 Sep 2016 10:30am-1:30pm

The historic site will be open to the public as part of the Activities in the Park program supported by the City of Greater Shepparton. Come along to take a tour of the best preserved 19 century flour mill in Victoria and learn more about its history. The mill is…

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Friends of Glen Nayook working bee

6 Nov 2016 9:00am-11:00am

Maintenance and AGM. Morning tea provided.