You are here

Home > Park management > Environment > Weeds and pests > Marine pests

Marine pests

The European fan worm

The European fan worm

3 years ago from Unknown LDAP UserParks Victoria

Location: Marine pests

Japanese Kelp

Japanese Kelp

3 years ago from Unknown LDAP UserParks Victoria

Location: Marine pests

Steve Tuohy with invasive seaweed and seastar

Steve Tuohy with invasive seaweed and seastar

3 years ago from Unknown LDAP UserParks Victoria

Location: Marine pests

Northern Pacific Seastar

Northern Pacific Seastar

3 years ago from Unknown LDAP UserParks Victoria

Location: Marine pests

Marine pests are non-native plants or animals which can have a detrimental impact on native marine ecosystems. They are introduced into Australian waters via human activities such as shipping. Not all introduced species will become a pest as they need to be able to establish themselves in the new environment. Many established introduced species have the ability to produce huge numbers of spores or offspring which allows them to spread and increase population sizes quickly.

Both plant and animal marine pests are undesirable because they can have a big impact on marine ecosystems and human activities. They can disrupt food chains, endanger native marine life and alter ecosystem processes. There can also be direct effects on human lifestyle such as illness and damage to marine economic benefits gained from aquaculture and fishing. They can make the environment less attractive, making activities such as diving and snorkelling less enjoyable.

Marine pests come in all shapes and sizes. Over 250 are known to have been introduced to Australian waters with over 100 species introduced to Port Phillip Bay.

Report any sighting of marine pests to the Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning on 136 186.

Northern Pacific seastar

The Northern Pacific seastar, Asterias amurensis, is mostly yellow in colour, with varying amounts of purple on the arms. The five arms taper and curl upwards at the ends, unlike native seastar species. This characteristic is useful for distinguishing the Northern Pacific seastar from native species such as the zigzag star and eleven-armed seastar.

The first confirmed sighting of the Northern Pacific seastar in Port Phillip bay was in August 1995. It is thought that was introduced to Tasmania through ballast water from Japan and subsequently introduced into Port Phillip Bay from Tasmania. The Port Phillip Bay infestation is unfortunately well established and has negative impacts on native species and marine industries. Measures to stop the spread of the seastar to other areas in Victoria are in place. For more information see the Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning website.

European Fan Worm

The European fan worm, Sabella spallanzanii, is a filter feeding tube worm which can grow up to 40cm long. The feeding fan is composed of two layers of feeding tentacles, one of which is spiraled. These tentacles can range in colour from uniform white to striped orange, purple and white.

The first recording of the European fan worm in Australia was in 1965 in Western Australia. By mid-1980’s it had reached Port Phillip Bay and it is now very common, especially on pier piles. This worm has the potential to alter ecosystem processes and compete with native species for food and space. It is also a problem for the aquaculture industry as it is a nuisance fouler.

Japanese Kelp

Japanese Kelp, Undaria pinnatifida, is a seaweed native to the Japan Sea and is found along the coasts of Japan, Korea and parts of China. It is a golden brown seaweed which can grow to anywhere between 0.5m to 3m long. Most disconcerting is the speed at which the kelp grows; it has the capacity to overgrow and exclude native seaweeds.

The seaweed was first discovered in Australia off the east coast of Tasmania in 1988, however evidence suggests it was likely to have been present in Tasmania since 1982. Since this time, the kelp has become established within Port Phillip Bay and, more recently has been discovered in Apollo Bay. Once it has become established it is hard to eradicate, however removal efforts in Apollo Bay have been promising.

Further Information

What's on

Click to view RSS Feed

Discover the Prom this winter

29 Jun 2015 - 10 Jul 2015

Join a ranger to discover Wilsons Promontory National Park this winter. Adventure through forest tracks, along Tidal River and amongst boulders of the rocky shore. Help celebrate National Aborigines and Islander Day Observance Committee (NAIDOC) Week by creating a stencil art banner. Discover the unique flora of the Prom and…

Click to view RSS Feed

What's on for July in Albert Park

1 Jul 2015 - 31 Jul 2015

A wide variety of events are held at Albert Park throughout the year. Events range from fun runs and sporting tournaments to other community events. See the full calendar here.

Click to view RSS Feed

Owls on the Prowl

7 Jul 2015 10:00am-3:00pm

Have you ever wondered what owls eat? Children dissect an owl pellet and find out exactly what their barn owl has been eating. A great session for young biologists! (All-weather activity). Session times: 10:00am – 12:00pm (Year 3 - 5) 1:00 – 3:00pm (Years 6 - 8)

Click to view RSS Feed

All Dinosaurs Great and Small

8 Jul 2015 10:00am-12:00pm

Be a palaeontologist for the day! What can fossils show us about the diet of dinosaurs? Why did they have claws? Learn how modern animals teach us about the behaviour of prehistoric creatures and make your own fossil replica to take home. All weather activity.