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Summary of legislation, policy and guidelines


The documents most relevant to the management of Victoria’s parks and reserves are listed below.

International treaties, conventions and initiatives:

  • China–Australia Migratory Birds Agreement 1986 (CAMBA)
  • Japan–Australia Migratory Birds Agreement 1974 (JAMBA)
  • Convention Concerning the Protection of the Natural Resources and the Environment of the South Pacific Region (SPREP Convention)
  • Convention Concerning the Protection of the Natural Resources and the Environment of the South Pacific Region (SPREP Convention 1986)
  • Convention on Biological Diversity
  • Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora 1973
  • Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals 1979 (Bonn Convention)
  • Convention on the Conservation of Nature in the South Pacific 1976 (APIA Convention)
  • Guidelines for Protected Area Management Categories (IUCN World Conservation Union)
  • Man and the Biosphere Program (MAP) UNESCO
  • United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
  • Convention on Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar Convention)
  • World Heritage Convention

Commonwealth legislation:

  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Heritage Protection Act 1984 (Cwlth)
  • Civil Aviation Act 1988 (Cwlth) and sub-ordinate instruments, including Civil Aviation Orders and Fly Neighborly Agreements
  • Endangered Species Protection Act 1992 (Cwlth)
  • Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (Cwlth) (EPBC Act)
  • Environment Protection (Impact of Proposals) Act 1974 (Cwlth)
  • Historic Shipwrecks Act 1976 (Cwlth)
  • Native Title Act 1993 (Cwlth)
  • Quarantine Act 1908 (Cwlth)
  • Telecommunications Act 1997 (Cwlth) and Low Impact Determination
  • Trade Practices Act 1974 (Cwlth)

National policies and initiatives:

Victorian legislation:

  • Aboriginal Heritage Act 2006 (Vic.)
  • Catchment and Land Protection Act 1994 (Vic.)
  • Charter of Human Rights and Responsibilities Act 2006 (Vic.) (“the Charter”)
  • Coastal Management Act 1995(Vic.)
  • Conservation, Forests and Lands Act 1987 (Vic.)
  • Crown Land (Reserves) Act 1978 (Vic.)
  • Emergency Management Act 1986 (Vic.)
  • Environmental Effects Act 1978 (Vic.)
  • Environment Protection Act 1970 (Vic.), including State Environment Protection Policies (Waters of Victoria) and its schedules
  • Fences Act 1968 (Vic.)
  • Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988 (Vic.)
  • Fisheries Act 1995 (Vic.)
  • Forests Act 1958 (Vic.)
  • Heritage Act 1995(Vic.)
  • Heritage Rivers Act 1992(Vic.)
  • Interpretation of Legislation Act 1984 (Vic.)
  • Land Act 1958 (Vic.)
  • Land Acquisition and Compensations Act 1986 (Vic.)
  • Land Conservation (Vehicle Control) Act 1972 (Vic.)
  • Land Conservation (Vehicle Control) Regulations 2003 (Vic.)
  • Livestock Disease Control Act 1994 (Vic.)
  • Marine Safety Act 2010 (Vic.)
  • Mineral Resources (Sustainable Development) Act 1990 (Vic.)
  • Museums Act 1983 (Vic.)
  • National Parks Act 1975 (Vic.)
  • National Park (Park) Regulations 2003 (Vic.)
  • Occupational Health and Safety Act 1985 (Vic.)
  • Parks Victoria Act 1998 (Vic.)
  • Petroleum Act 1998 (Vic.)
  • Petroleum (Submerged Lands) Act 1982 (Vic.)
  • Pipelines Act 2005 (Vic.)
  • Port  Management Act 1995 (Vic.)
  • Port Services (Local Ports) Regulations 2004 (Vic.)
  • Reference Areas Act 1978 (Vic.)
  • Road Safety Act 1986 (Vic.)
  • Road Management Act 2004 (Vic.)
  • Subordinate Legislation Act 1994 (Vic.)
  • Traditional Owner Settlement Act 2010(Vic.)
  • Transfer of Land Act 1958 (Vic.)
  • Water Act 1989 (Vic.)
  • Wildlife Act 1975 (Vic.)
  • Wildlife (Marine Mammal) Regulations 2009 (Vic.)
  • Wrongs Act 1958 (Occupiers Liability Act 1983) (Vic.)

Victorian policies and strategies:

  • A Fairer Victoria (DPCD 2010)
  • Growing Victoria Together (2001)
  • Guidelines and Procedures for Managing Environmental Impacts of Weeds on Public Land in Victoria (DSE 2007)
  • Invasive Plant and Animal Policy Framework (IPAPF) (DSE 2009)
  • Linking People and Spaces (Parks Victoria 2002)
  • Living with Fire: Victoria’s Bushfire Strategy (2008)
  • Melbourne 2030
  • Policy for Sustainable Recreation and Tourism on Victoria’s Public Land (DSE 2002)
  • Regulatory Impact Statement Handbook
  • Securing Our Natural Future: a white paper for land and biodiversity at a time of climate change (DSE 2009)
  • Victoria’s Biodiversity Strategy
  • Victoria’s Heritage – Strengthening our Communities (State of Victoria 2006)
  • Victoria’s Nature-based Tourism Strategy 2008-12 (Tourism Victoria 2008)
  • Victorian Coastal Strategy (DSE 2008)
  • Victorian Marine Pollution Contingency Plan (VICPLAN) (MSV 2002)
  • Victorian Native Title Settlement Framework
  • Victorian River Health Strategy (DSE 2002)
  • Waste Management Policy (Ship’s Ballast Water) (EPA 2004)

Parks Victoria strategies:

  • Conservation Reserves Management Strategy (Parks Victoria 2003)
  • Guidelines for Working with Aboriginal Communities (Parks Victoria 2002)
  • Heritage Management Strategy (Parks Victoria 2003)
  • Indigenous Partnership Strategy and Action Plan (Parks Victoria 2005)
  • Linking People and Spaces (Parks Victoria 2002)
  • Marine National Parks and Marine Sanctuaries Management Strategy 2003–2010 (Parks Victoria 2003)

Codes of Practice:

National and State Codes of Practice have been developed on a range of matters, and may be voluntary or statutory in nature. Some codes relevant to the management and administration of parks and reserves are listed below.

  • Animal Welfare (various)
  • Beekeeping Code of Practice
  • Code of Practice for Fire Management on Public Land (DSE 2006)
  • Code of Practice for Powerline Clearance (Vegetation)
  • Code of Practice for Telecommunications Infrastructure (Cwlth)