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Culture and heritage

Aboriginal history

Point Nepean is part of Boonwurrung country. The Boonwurrung people lived on and around Point Nepean for thousands for years gathering shellfish and other foods along the coastline. The interaction with early settlers and ceremony make it an important place. Extensive shell middens are reminders of their enduring association.

Early settlement

Point Nepean has evidence of some of the earliest European settlement in Victoria, including pastoral activities and lime burning. Shepherd’s Hut located in the Quarantine Station is one of the earliest intact limestone buildings in Victoria. Its cellar dates to 1854.

Quarantine Station

It is the second oldest permanent quarantine station in Australia (1852 – 1980). Comprising of over 50 heritage listed buildings and the oldest intact buildings erected for quarantine purposes in Australia. The site later became home to the Officer Cadet School (1952-1985) and School of Army of Health (1985-1998).


The entrance to Port Phillip Bay was the most heavily forted port of the British Empire. There are many Colonial and Commonwealth structures from 1880s – 1940s located around the park. Fort Nepean is considered to be one of the best examples in Australia of a major fort complex exhibiting the changes in military engineering through the 19th and 20th centuries.